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    Testo integrale inglese della Risoluzione Onu 1701 dell'11 agosto 2006

    United Nation Security Council


    The Security Council,
    Recalling all its previous resolutions on Lebanon, in particular resolutions 425
    (1978), 426 (1978), 520 (1982), 1559 (2004), 1655 (2006) 1680 (2006) and 1697
    (2006), as well as the statements of its President on the situation in Lebanon, in particular the statements of 18 June 2000 (S/PRST/2000/21), of 19 October 2004(S/PRST/2004/36), of 4 May 2005 (S/PRST/2005/17), of 23 January 2006
    (S/PRST/2006/3) and of 30 July 2006 (S/PRST/2006/35),

    Expressing its utmost concern at the continuing escalation of hostilities in
    Lebanon and in Israel since Hizbollah’s attack on Israel on 12 July 2006, which has already caused hundreds of deaths and injuries on both sides, extensive damage to civilian infrastructure and hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons,

    Emphasizing the need for an end of violence, but at the same time emphasizing
    the need to address urgently the causes that have given rise to the current crisis,including by the unconditional release of the abducted Israeli soldiers,

    Mindful of the sensitivity of the issue of prisoners and encouraging the efforts
    aimed at urgently settling the issue of the Lebanese prisoners detained in Israel,

    Welcoming the efforts of the Lebanese Prime Minister and the commitment of
    the Government of Lebanon, in its seven-point plan, to extend its authority over its territory, through its own legitimate armed forces, such that there will be no weapons without the consent of the Government of Lebanon and no authority other than that of the Government of Lebanon, welcoming also its commitment to a
    United Nations force that is supplemented and enhanced in numbers, equipment,
    mandate and scope of operation, and bearing in mind its request in this plan for an immediate withdrawal of the Israeli forces from southern Lebanon,

    Determined to act for this withdrawal to happen at the earliest,
    Taking due note of the proposals made in the seven-point plan regarding the
    Shebaa farms area,

    Welcoming the unanimous decision by the Government of Lebanon on 7 August 2006 to deploy a Lebanese armed force of 15,000 troops in South Lebanon as the Israeli army withdraws behind the Blue Line and to request the assistance of additional forces from the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) as
    needed, to facilitate the entry of the Lebanese armed forces into the region and to restate its intention to strengthen the Lebanese armed forces with material as needed to enable it to perform its duties,

    Aware of its responsibilities to help secure a permanent ceasefire and a long-
    term solution to the conflict,

    Determining that the situation in Lebanon constitutes a threat to international
    peace and security,
    1.
    Calls for a full cessation of hostilities based upon, in particular, the
    immediate cessation by Hizbollah of all attacks and the immediate cessation by
    Israel of all offensive military operations;
    2.
    Upon full cessation of hostilities, calls upon the Government of Lebanon
    and UNIFIL as authorized by paragraph 11 to deploy their forces together
    throughout the South and calls upon the Government of Israel, as that deployment
    begins, to withdraw all of its forces from southern Lebanon in parallel;
    3.
    Emphasizes the importance of the extension of the control of the
    Government of Lebanon over all Lebanese territory in accordance with the
    provisions of resolution 1559 (2004) and resolution 1680 (2006), and of the relevant
    provisions of the Taif Accords, for it to exercise its full sovereignty, so that there
    will be no weapons without the consent of the Government of Lebanon and no
    authority other than that of the Government of Lebanon;
    4.
    Reiterates its strong support for full respect for the Blue Line;
    5.
    Also reiterates its strong support, as recalled in all its previous relevant
    resolutions, for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of
    Lebanon within its internationally recognized borders, as contemplated by the
    Israeli-Lebanese General Armistice Agreement of 23 March 1949;
    6.
    Calls on the international community to take immediate steps to extend
    its financial and humanitarian assistance to the Lebanese people, including through facilitating the safe return of displaced persons and, under the authority of the Government of Lebanon, reopening airports and harbours, consistent with paragraphs 14 and 15, and calls on it also to consider further assistance in the future to contribute to the reconstruction and development of Lebanon;
    7.
    Affirms that all parties are responsible for ensuring that no action is taken
    contrary to paragraph 1 that might adversely affect the search for a long-term
    solution, humanitarian access to civilian populations, including safe passage for humanitarian convoys, or the voluntary and safe return of displaced persons, and calls on all parties to comply with this responsibility and to cooperate with the Security Council;
    8.
    Calls for Israel and Lebanon to support a permanent ceasefire and a long-term solution based on the following principles and elements:
    – full respect for the Blue Line by both parties;
    – security arrangements to prevent the resumption of hostilities, including the
    establishment between the Blue Line and the Litani river of an area free of any armed personnel, assets and weapons other than those of the Government of
    Lebanon and of UNIFIL as authorized in paragraph 11, deployed in this area;
    – full implementation of the relevant provisions of the Taif Accords, and of
    resolutions 1559 (2004) and 1680 (2006), that require the disarmament of all
    armed groups in Lebanon, so that, pursuant to the Lebanese cabinet decision of
    27 July 2006, there will be no weapons or authority in Lebanon other than that
    of the Lebanese State;
    – no foreign forces in Lebanon without the consent of its Government;
    – no sales or supply of arms and related materiel to Lebanon except as
    authorized by its Government;
    – provision to the United Nations of all remaining maps of landmines in
    Lebanon in Israel’s possession;
    9.
    Invites the Secretary-General to support efforts to secure as soon as
    possible agreements in principle from the Government of Lebanon and the
    Government of Israel to the principles and elements for a long-term solution as set forth in paragraph 8, and expresses its intention to be actively involved;
    10.
    Requests the Secretary-General to develop, in liaison with relevant
    international actors and the concerned parties, proposals to implement the relevant provisions of the Taif Accords, and resolutions 1559 (2004) and 1680 (2006), including disarmament, and for delineation of the international borders of Lebanon, especially in those areas where the border is disputed or uncertain, including by dealing with the Shebaa farms area, and to present to the Security Council those proposals within thirty days;
    11.
    Decides, in order to supplement and enhance the force in numbers,
    equipment, mandate and scope of operations, to authorize an increase in the force strength of UNIFIL to a maximum of 15,000 troops, and that the force shall, in addition to carrying out its mandate under resolutions 425 and 426 (1978):
    (a) Monitor the cessation of hostilities;
    (b) Accompany and support the Lebanese armed forces as they deploy
    throughout the South, including along the Blue Line, as Israel withdraws its armed
    forces from Lebanon as provided in paragraph 2;
    (c) Coordinate its activities related to paragraph 11 (b) with the Government
    of Lebanon and the Government of Israel;
    (d) Extend its assistance to help ensure humanitarian access to civilian
    populations and the voluntary and safe return of displaced persons;
    (e) Assist the Lebanese armed forces in taking steps towards the
    establishment of the area as referred to in paragraph 8;
    (f) Assist the Government of Lebanon, at its request, to implement
    paragraph 14;
    12.
    Acting in support of a request from the Government of Lebanon to
    deploy an international force to assist it to exercise its authority throughout the territory, authorizes UNIFIL to take all necessary action in areas of deployment of its forces and as it deems within its capabilities, to ensure that its area of operations is not utilized for hostile activities of any kind, to resist attempts by forceful means to prevent it from discharging its duties under the mandate of the Security Council,and to protect United Nations personnel, facilities, installations and equipment,ensure the security and freedom of movement of United Nations personnel,humanitarian workers and, without prejudice to the responsibility of the Government of Lebanon, to protect civilians under imminent threat of physical violence;
    13.
    Requests the Secretary-General urgently to put in place measures to
    ensure UNIFIL is able to carry out the functions envisaged in this resolution, urges Member States to consider making appropriate contributions to UNIFIL and to respond positively to requests for assistance from the Force, and expresses its strong appreciation to those who have contributed to UNIFIL in the past;
    14.
    Calls upon the Government of Lebanon to secure its borders and other
    entry points to prevent the entry in Lebanon without its consent of arms or related materiel and requests UNIFIL as authorized in paragraph 11 to assist the
    Government of Lebanon at its request;
    15.
    Decides further that all States shall take the necessary measures to
    prevent, by their nationals or from their territories or using their flag vessels or
    aircraft:
    (a) The sale or supply to any entity or individual in Lebanon of arms and
    related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles
    and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned,
    whether or not originating in their territories; and
    (b) The provision to any entity or individual in Lebanon of any technical
    training or assistance related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of the items listed in subparagraph (a) above;
    except that these prohibitions shall not apply to arms, related material, training orassistance authorized by the Government of Lebanon or by UNIFIL as authorized in paragraph 11;
    16.
    Decides to extend the mandate of UNIFIL until 31 August 2007, and
    expresses its intention to consider in a later resolution further enhancements to the mandate and other steps to contribute to the implementation of a permanent ceasefire and a long-term solution;
    17.
    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council within one week
    on the implementation of this resolution and subsequently on a regular basis;
    18.
    Stresses the importance of, and the need to achieve, a comprehensive,
    just and lasting peace in the Middle East, based on all its relevant resolutions
    including its resolutions 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967, 338 (1973) of 22 October 1973 and 1515 (2003) of 19 November 2003;
    19.
    Decides to remain actively seized of the matte

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