Conflitti

Iraq: per Human right watch gli abusi sui prigionieri possono essere configurati come crimini di guerra

le indagini potrebbero provare il conivolgimento di militari di grado superiore e di "contractors"
4 maggio 2004
Human right watch

Iraq: U.S. Prisoner Abuse Sparks Concerns Over War Crimes
Investigation Should Probe Role of Superiors, Private Contractors
(New York, April 30, 2004) -- The promised U.S. investigation into the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners should not stop with the lower-level soldiers who were immediately involved, Human Rights Watch said today. The United States should also investigate the superiors of these soldiers to see whether they ordered or knowingly tolerated these abuses.

"The brazenness with which these soldiers conducted themselves, snapping photographs and flashing the 'thumbs-up' sign as they abused prisoners, suggests they felt they had nothing to hide from their superiors."
Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch



Photographs in media accounts show U.S. military personnel in Baghdad subjecting Iraqi detainees to humiliating and degrading treatment—and perhaps committing war crimes. Defense counsel for one of the accused soldiers claims that the soldiers had been ordered to "soften up" the detainees for interrogation. Moreover, private contractors allegedly were among those overseeing the interrogation process.

"The brazenness with which these soldiers conducted themselves, snapping photographs and flashing the 'thumbs-up' sign as they abused prisoners, suggests they felt they had nothing to hide from their superiors," said Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch. "Their superiors should be closely scrutinized to see whether they created an atmosphere of impunity that fostered this abuse."

The photographs show U.S. soldiers smiling, posing and laughing while naked Iraqi prisoners were stacked in a pyramid or positioned committing simulated sex acts. The 1949 Geneva Conventions prohibit "outrages upon the personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment" against any detainee. Mistreatment that amounts to "torture or inhuman treatment" is a grave breach of the Geneva Conventions—or a war crime.

The record of the United States in addressing alleged mistreatment of detainees by its personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan causes serious concern. In Afghanistan, as Human Rights Watch has previously reported, the U.S. government has yet to provide information on its investigations into the officially declared "homicide" deaths more than two years ago of two detainees in U.S. custody at Bagram airbase. The United States has also not adequately responded to allegations of other abuses in U.S. detention in Afghanistan, including cases of beatings, severe sleep deprivation, and exposure of detainees to extreme cold.

In Iraq a U.S. army lieutenant colonel who admitted that in August he threatened to kill an Iraqi detainee, firing a shot next to the man's head during a violent interrogation, received a fine as a disciplinary measure, but was not subjected to a court martial. The U.S. army in January discharged three reservists for abusing detainees at a detention camp near Basra in southern Iraq.

"It's clear that the United States has not taken the issue of prisoner abuse seriously enough," said Roth. "These sordid photos from Iraq show that systematic changes in the treatment of prisoners are needed immediately. The investigations should be made public."

The alleged involvement of private contractors is another dimension of the problem that merits investigation. Human Rights Watch is concerned that these contractors operate in Iraq with virtual impunity—exempt by the terms of their engagement with the U.S. military from prosecution by Iraqi courts, outside the military chain of command and thus ineligible for court-martial, and not subject to prosecution by U.S. courts. Under the Geneva Conventions, the United States nonetheless remains responsible for the actions of those running the detention facilities, be they regular soldiers, reservists or private contractors.

"If the Pentagon seeks to use private contractors in military or intelligence roles, it must ensure that they are subject to legal restraints," said Roth. "Allowing private contractors to operate in a legal vacuum is an invitation to abuse."

Note: http://www.hrw.org/english/docs/2004/04/30/iraq8521.htm

Articoli correlati

  • Riunite con i loro bambini “futuri terroristi”, le donne yazidi vengono ripudiate
    Pace
    Confine Iraq-Siria

    Riunite con i loro bambini “futuri terroristi”, le donne yazidi vengono ripudiate

    Gli anziani yazidi rinnegano i figli delle ex schiave dello Stato islamico, costringendole a scegliere tra i loro bambini e la loro comunità
    9 aprile 2021 - Martin Chulov e Nechirvan Mando ad Arbil
  • Un viaggio di pace
    Pace
    Nel Kurdistan iracheno il momento finale del viaggio di Papa Francesco

    Un viaggio di pace

    I Curdi e il Kurdistan, grazie alla loro accoglienza al Papa, hanno confermato, come sempre, di essere un popolo di pace e terra di accoglienza, fratellanza e convivenza tra culture, religioni ed etnie diverse, se questa terra viene lasciata e tenuta lontana dagli interessi politici ed economici.
    7 marzo 2021 - Gulala Salih
  • Iraq, la rivolta continua
    Conflitti
    La situazione attuale

    Iraq, la rivolta continua

    Dopo la pandemia, il crollo del prezzo del petrolio e la nomina, frutto del compromesso tra USA e Iran, di al-Kadhimi come primo ministro, cosa è cambiato?
    19 ottobre 2020 - Valeria Poletti
  • Da piazza Tahir all'Italia: la guerra porta solo altra guerra
    Pace
    Foto dalle piazze pacifiste italiane

    Da piazza Tahir all'Italia: la guerra porta solo altra guerra

    Il 25 gennaio in oltre 50 città italiane associazioni, movimenti e cittadini hanno organizzato eventi aderendo all'appello Spegniamo la guerra, accendiamo la Pace. PeaceLink pubblica le foto di alcune piazze. E alla vigilia è stata diffusa un'importante lettera dalla società civile irachena
    27 gennaio 2020
PeaceLink C.P. 2009 - 74100 Taranto (Italy) - CCP 13403746 - Sito realizzato con PhPeace 2.6.39 - Informativa sulla Privacy - Informativa sui cookies - Diritto di replica - Posta elettronica certificata (PEC)