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    Se la Siria e l'Iran hanno armi chimiche, ugualmente ne hanno Israele ed Egitto

    nel'articolo viene denunciata l' accusa ipocrita degli USA ai paesi non il linea con la sua politica, tacendo il fatto che hanno armato con le stessi armi paesi che invece considerano loro alleati
    17 aprile 2003 - K S Dakshina Murthy
    Fonte: Al Jazeera

    If Syria, Iran have chemical weapons so do Israel. and Egypt

    For close to a month now, United States-led forces have been looking for
    the weapons of mass destruction (WMD) that Iraq's Saddam Hussein government
    had kept "hidden". Nothing has been found so far, and the search continues.

    A key factor in the invasion was the WMD reason, despite the fact that
    United Nations inspectors had not come up with anything. Failure to find
    chemical weapons in Iraq has however not come in the way of the US pointing
    its fingers at Syria. This has triggered off alarm bells in the Arab world.

    Arab governments say the US stand on chemical weapons in particular and WMDs
    in general is hypocritical. For, Washington's closest ally in the region
    Israel too possesses WMDs, including chemical weapons, and it is not being
    pressured to dump them.

    An Israeli runs past a billboard reminding the population to be prepared for
    chemical weapons attack
    Syria, Israel, Iraq, Libya and Egypt have not ratified the Chemical Weapons
    Convention. Iran has ratified it but is yet to make its initial

    Washington claims Syria is in possession of chemical weapons. According to
    a Carnegie analysis, US intelligence believes Syria has a significant
    stockpile of the nerve agent sarin. A 1990 intelligence assessment reported
    that Syria had weaponized these chemicals in 500-kilogram aerial bombs and
    warheads for its Scud-B missiles.
    The Carnegie analysis notes that Israel too possesses advanced chemical
    weapons capabilities, although the details of what they have is not known.
    Israel is believed to have had sophisticated chemical weapons programs for
    several decades which is centered at the Israel Institute for Biological
    Research (IIBR) at Ness Ziona, some 10 kilometers south of Tel Aviv. There,
    Israel reportedly has conducted advanced research on both chemical and
    biological warfare.
    Israeli capabilities
    In the absence of information from the Israeli government, non-Israeli
    publications have made many claims about Israel's chemical weapon
    capabilities, from the trivial to the most sensationalist. The government of
    Israel, as part of its traditional deliberate ambiguity policy, has neither
    confirmed nor denied those reports, Carnegie points out.
    Acknowledging the difficulties in assessing Israel's CBW programs and
    capabilities, the analysis quoting experts states that "a near-consensus
    exists among experts-based on anecdotal evidence and intelligence leaks-that
    Israel developed, produced, stockpiled, and maybe even deployed chemical
    weapons at some point in its history."
    Quoting other studies, the Carnegie analysis says that Israel had an
    operational chemical warfare testing facility. The chemical capabilities of
    Syria, Iraq and Iran are matched by Israel's possession of a wide range of
    these weapons, it says.
    According to Gitty M Amini of the Center for Non-Proliferation Studies
    (CNS), the activities of the Israel Institute for Biological Research in
    Ness Ziona, has aroused suspicion especially after the October 1992
    discovery of about 50 gallons of dimethyl methylphosphonate at an El Al
    crash site in Amsterdam. The chemical-a possible precursor to the sarin
    nerve agent and a common simulant for weapons research-was destined for the
    institute. The Israeli government denies such allegations and has offered
    benign explanations for any suspicious activities.
    The CNS states that Israel has an active weapons programme, but may not have
    deployed chemical warheads on ballistic missiles. It has the production
    capability for mustard and nerve agents.

    Extensive weapons programme
    The CNS' Amini study says that Syria may have one of the most extensive
    chemical weapons programmes in the developing world. Its initial chemical
    warfare program and stockpile of chemical agents were allegedly supplied by
    Egypt in 1973 prior to the October War with Israel.
    "It is also believed that Syria now has an indigenous capability to produce
    and weaponize nerve agents, such as sarin and VX, and blister agents, such
    as mustard. Syria has fit Scud-B and Scud-C missiles with chemical warheads
    and, in 1999, is believed to have tested a Scud-B with a warhead able to
    disperse VX. There are thought to be at least three facilities in Syria that
    are currently producing chemical weapons: near Damascus, Hama, and Safira
    village (in Aleppo)," says Amini.
    Iranian President Mohammad Khatami urged the US to stop threatening Syria
    the case of Iran, the analysis states that in May 1998, after acceding to
    the CWC, the government acknowledged past Iranian involvement in chemical
    weapons development and production. The Iranian chemical weapons programme
    began in the 1980's during the war with Iraq. According to the CNS, Iran
    undertook limited use of chemical weapons during the war with Iraq, at first
    using captured Iraqi chemical weapon munitions.
    Though Iran claims that its chemical weapons programme was wound up after
    the war with Iraq, the US believes Iran's chemical weapons programme remains
    intact. Limited use of chemical weapons in 1984-1988 during war with Iraq,
    initially using captured Iraqi CW munitions. It began stockpiling cyanogen
    chloride, phosgene, and mustard gas after 1985. Further, the CNS says, Iran
    initiated nerve agent production in 1994.
    Egypt, with a US-friendly Arab government, was the first in the Middle-East
    to embark on a chemical weapons programme and also the first to use them.
    It reportedly employed phosgene and mustard gas against royalist forces in
    the Yemeni civil war between 1963-67, making it one of the few states to
    have engaged in chemical warfare. It is believed to still have a research
    programme and has never reported the destruction of any of its chemical
    agents or weapons, the Carnegie study said.
    The CNS points out that Egypt supplied Syria with chemical weapons in the
    early '70s, exported chemical weapon agents and technology during the 1980s.
    It is said to be developing nerve agent feed stock plants and has a
    stockpile of mustard and nerve agents.
    British legacy
    Egypt reportedly inherited British stockpiles of mustard gas after the
    British withdrawal in 1954, and received chemical weapons assistance from
    the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Apparently, Egypt also has nerve agent
    and psychoactive chemical capabilities, in addition to a well-developed
    infrastructure, support system, and possible delivery capabilities. Egypt
    however publicly denies possessing chemical weapons.
    Libya used small quantities of mustard agent against Chadian troops in 1987,
    says the Centre for Non-proliferation studies. It produced over 100 tonnes
    of nerve and blister agents at Rabta facility in the 1980s besides
    initiating construction of underground chemical agent production facility at
    Turkey and Jordan are not known to have chemical weapons, while Iraq's
    merits a separate treatment. --- Al Jazeera


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